In the near future scientists will study the temperature and humidity conditions in the church and its normalization to create optimal conditions for preserving the architectural monument of the XII century.
The main work has been completed in the Kolozhskaya church. The most important – a new wooden wall has been erected instead of the previous one, which was in disrepair. But even the strongest walls are destroyed by temperature and moisture over time. Such ancient buildings as the Kolozhskaya Church need special and constant attention. Therefore, climatologists from Moscow and Minsk came to Grodno at the invitation of father Alexander Bolognikov, the rector of The Borisoglebskaya (Kolozhskaya Church).
– The first and very important stage of repair work has been completed in Kolozha. It’s major repairs of wooden structures. Today, when an emergency situation has been prevented and the bearing capacity of wooden structures has been restored, we can turn our eyes to the authentic wall of the 12th century, – the rector noted.
Victor Dorokhov, Head of the Climate Laboratory of Museums and Architectural Monuments of the State Research Institute of Restoration of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, came with a colleague to study the Kolozhskaya Church and the impact on its safety of climatic conditions. Experts from Moscow are studying the climatic conditions inside the temple and on the stone wall using high-precision equipment. Together with the experts, the issues of further work in the church are discussed by representatives of the Belarusian National Technical University and the Remmers company, which is considered to be the leader in the production of methods and means of restoration. They know the Grodno temple not bad, because they have carried out works here.
– Heat load increases on the structure of old buildings (first of all, old ones – because their structure is already weakened) in conditions of global warming. Alternate freezing and thawing affect not the best way. One of the ways to solve the problem is minimal or limited heating of the buildings, which will improve the preservation conditions of the monument, – said Victor Dorokhov.
Limited heating won't create fully comfortable conditions for people. In the winter the temperature will be 5 – 8 °C in the building. However, it’s a significant plus.
The issue will be carefully explored. Because all the specialists, when work in the Kolozhskaya Church, use the main principle: do not harm.
Photos: Mikhail Isachenko.
Translation: Tatyana Motolyanets.